Document Detail

Prehypertension and undiagnosed hypertension in a sample of dental school female patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21226854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension in a sample of female dental patients.
METHODS: A total of 208 consecutive female patients aged ≥ 18 years provided information about sociodemographics, history of hypertension and other systemic diseases, antihypertension medication use and smoking history. Two blood pressure measurements were taken by a dentist and the average measurement was utilized in the present analysis.
RESULTS: The mean age of the study sample was 38 (±13) years. Thirty-seven per cent of the sample had prehypertension (ranging between 120/80 and 139/89 mmHg). High blood pressure (HBP) measurement (≥140/90 mmHg) was recorded on 18% of the study population. Of those, 66% were unaware of their HBP prior to their dental visit (represent 12% of the study sample). The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure of those with elevated blood pressure were 154 (±16) and 94 (±12), respectively. Furthermore, 26% of those 30 years of age or older had HBP measurements. History of hypertension was reported by 13% of the study sample. Of those, 48% had HBP measurement. The use of antihypertension medications was reported by 10%.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a high prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension and prehypertension in the present sample. These results underscore the importance of routine blood pressure measurements in the dental clinics.
M S Al-Zahrani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of dental hygiene     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1601-5037     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Dent Hyg     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101168070     Medline TA:  Int J Dent Hyg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  74-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Division of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
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