Document Detail

Prehypertension among middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan: a five-year follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20057172     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension among middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan and to explore the evolutionary changes of blood pressure in 5-year follow-up period. METHODS: In 2000, people aged over 40 participating in annual health examinations at local health stations in I-Lan County were invited to join the study. Past medical histories were reviewed, physical examinations and serial laboratory tests were performed for participants. All participants were followed in 2005 by a medical record review, telephone survey or personal visit. Subjects with prehypertension were sorted for further analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 1053 people (mean age=64.4+/-11.4 years, 44.4% males) were enrolled in the primary cohort. The prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension was 40.4% and 35.8%, respectively. In 2005, 677 subjects (mean age: 68.8+/-10.4 years, 42.5% males) were successfully followed, which revealed a significant increase of systolic blood pressure (3.7+/-16.8 mmHg, p<0.001), but not diastolic blood pressure (0.3+/-11.5 mmHg, p=0.758) in prehypertensive subjects; however, both systolic blood pressure (14.3+/-17.4 mmHg, p<0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (7.7+/-13.3 mmHg, p<0.001) were significantly increased among normotensive subjects. The cumulative incidence of prehypertensive subjects becoming hypertensive was 31.3%, and those who became hypertensive were significantly older (65.3+/-8.6 vs. 62.2+/-12.3 years, p=0.024), having higher pulse pressure in 2000 (49.6+/-10.6 vs. 45.1+/-11.6 mmHg, p=0.001), serum total cholesterol (214.3+/-31.7 vs. 204.0+/-37.2 mg/dL, p=0.020) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (141.7+/-29.2 vs. 132.7+/-34.7 mg/dL, p=0.042). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of prehypertension among older Taiwanese was 35.8% and the 5-year cumulative incidence of hypertension from prehypertension was 31.3%. Older prehypertensive subjects with higher pulse pressure, higher serum total cholesterol and higher low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol were more likely to become hypertensive within 5 years.
Li-Kuo Liu; Li-Ning Peng; Liang-Kung Chen; Shinn-Jang Hwang; Shu-Ti Chiou
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-01-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1880-3873     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Atheroscler. Thromb.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-26     Completed Date:  2010-05-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9506298     Medline TA:  J Atheroscler Thromb     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Cholesterol / blood
Cholesterol, LDL / metabolism
Cohort Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Hypertension / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Insulin Resistance
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, LDL; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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