Document Detail


Pregnant woman and road safety: experimental crash test with post mortem human subject.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18320135     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Trauma affect between 3 and 7% of all pregnancies in industrialized countries, and the leading cause of these traumas is car crashes. The difficulty to appreciate physiologic and anatomic changes occurring during pregnancy explain that majority of studies were not based on anatomical data. We present a protocol to create a realistic anatomical model of pregnant woman using a post mortem human subject (PMHS). METHODS: We inserted a physical model of the gravid uterus into the pelvis of a PMHS. 3D acceleration sensors were placed on the subject to measure the acceleration on different body segments. We simulated three frontal impact situations at 20 km/h between two average European cars. RESULTS: Two main kinematics events were identified as possible causes of injuries: lap belt loading and backrest impact. CONCLUSIONS: Cadaver experiments provide one interesting complementary approach to study injury mechanisms related to road accidents involving pregnant women. This anatomical accuracy makes it possible to progress in the field of safety devices.
Authors:
Jerome Delotte; Michel Behr; Lionel Thollon; Pierre-Jean Arnoux; Patrick Baque; Andre Bongain; Christian Brunet
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-03-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0930-1038     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Radiol Anat     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-16     Completed Date:  2008-10-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8608029     Medline TA:  Surg Radiol Anat     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratoire de Biomécanique Appliquée, Faculté de Medecine secteur nord, UMRT 24 INRETS/Université de la Méditerranée, Boulevard Pierre Dramard, 13916, Marseille, France. jerome.delotte@inrets.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdominal Injuries / etiology,  prevention & control
Acceleration
Accidents, Traffic*
Back
Biomechanics
Cadaver
Equipment Design
Female
Humans
Models, Biological*
Pelvis / injuries*
Pregnancy
Seat Belts / adverse effects
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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