Document Detail

Pregnancy weight gain in adolescents and young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1894875     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We examined whether adolescents required greater prenatal weight gains than nonadolescents to deliver equal weight babies following a low-risk pregnancy. Maternal characteristics and monthly weight gains were collected from medical records obtained from a private health maintenance organization (n = 423). Maternal weight gain, gestational age, parity, and cigarette use during pregnancy were significant predictors of infant birth weight in our regression models. Subjects were nonsmokers with a gestational age greater than 37 weeks and a parity equal to 0 who entered prenatal care during the first trimester of pregnancy. Mean total weight gains for the adolescents (16.2 +/- 4.8 kg; n = 51) and adults (15.2 +/- 5.4 kg; n = 65), and infant birth weights were similar. Mean infant birth weight was 3473 +/- 394 g for the adolescents and 3339 +/- 453 g for the young adults, whereas the optimal weight range for newborns is about 3500-3999 g. Modifiable risks are the important predictors of infant birth weight, and adolescents do not appear to require a greater weight gain than young adults to deliver similar weight babies.
C S Johnston; F S Christopher; L A Kandell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0731-5724     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  1991 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-24     Completed Date:  1991-10-24     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  185-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Family Resources and Human Development, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking
Analysis of Variance
Birth Weight*
Gestational Age
Pregnancy / physiology*
Pregnancy in Adolescence / physiology*
Prenatal Care
Regression Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Weight Gain*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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