Document Detail

Pregnancy-related sickness absence among employed women in a Swedish county.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7481606     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the variation of pregnancy-related sickness absence among employed women according to age, occupation, and degree of male-female domination within occupations. METHODS: Data from a prospective study of all new sick-leave spells exceeding 7 d in 1985 and 1986 in the county of Ostergötland, Sweden, were related to the population at risk, through the Swedish Medical Birth Register. The subjects included in the analysis were all 7000 employed women that gave birth in 1985 and 1986, of which some 3000 were sick-listed at least once with pregnancy-related diagnoses. RESULTS: There was little difference in the pregnancy-related sickness absence between the age groups. The age-standardized rate for sick leaves involving pregnancy-related diagnoses differed substantially between occupations. Women in the metal industry had the highest rates; those employed in administration, banking, and insurance had the lowest. White-collar occupations generally had lower rates and blue-collar occupations higher rates, with some exceptions (eg, in saw mills, farming, and the chemical industry). Gender-integrated occupations had the lowest sick-leave rate, while extremely male-dominated jobs had the highest. The latter association remained after adjustment for occupational area. CONCLUSIONS: There were considerable differences between occupational groups in the rates of sick leaves involving pregnancy-related diagnoses. Some differences were related to physical load of the jobs being done, but not all. It seems important to consider also male-female domination within a job with respect to such sick leaves.
K Alexanderson; G Hensing; J Carstensen; P Bjurulf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0355-3140     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Work Environ Health     Publication Date:  1995 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-07     Completed Date:  1995-12-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7511540     Medline TA:  Scand J Work Environ Health     Country:  FINLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  191-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Community Medicine, University Hospital, Linköping, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Occupations / classification
Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology*
Sex Factors
Sweden / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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