Document Detail

Pregnancy-related mortality in the United States due to hemorrhage: 1979-1992.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10546717     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To study trends and examine risk factors for pregnancy-related mortality due to hemorrhage. METHODS: We analyzed pregnancy-related deaths from 1979-1992 from the National Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Live-birth data used to calculate mortality ratios were obtained from published vital statistics. Deaths due to ectopic pregnancies were excluded. RESULTS: There were 763 pregnancy-related deaths from hemorrhage associated with intrauterine pregnancies, a ratio of 1.4 deaths per 100,000 live births. The pregnancy-related mortality ratio was higher for black women and those of other races than white women. The risk of pregnancy-related mortality increased with age. Abruptio placentae was the overall leading cause of pregnancy-related death due to hemorrhage. Leading causes of death differed by race, age group, and pregnancy outcome. CONCLUSION: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death in the United States. Black women have three times the risk of death of white women. In-depth investigations are needed to ascertain the risk factors associated with those deaths.
L O Chichakli; H K Atrash; A P MacKay; A S Musani; C J Berg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1999 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-02     Completed Date:  1999-12-02     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  721-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Hemorrhage / mortality*
Middle Aged
Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / mortality*
Risk Factors
United States / epidemiology

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