Document Detail

Pregnancy outcomes among farming households of Nueva Ecija with conventional pesticide use versus integrated pest management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12358079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A retrospective cohort study was conducted to compare pregnancy outcomes in farming households that used pesticides conventionally with those that practiced integrated pest management (IPM) in Nueva Ecija, Philippines, in the period 1998-1999. Conventional pesticide users (CPUs) were defined as pesticide appliers who used pesticides routinely and regularly, whereas users of IPM were those who used pesticides as necessary, and on economically injured crop areas only. The data sets were subjected to the chi-square test of association, Fisher's exact probability test, and logistic regression analysis. At a significance level at 0.05, spontaneous abortion occurred significantly more often among the 345 CPU households than among the 331 IPM households (adjusted risk ratio 6.17). Likewise, birth defects were significantly more common in the CPU group (adjusted risk ratio 4.56). Thus, people of reproductive age who plan to have children should avoid any use of pesticides.
Lenore Crisostomo; Victorio V Molina
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of occupational and environmental health     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1077-3525     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Occup Environ Health     Publication Date:    2002 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-02     Completed Date:  2003-02-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505217     Medline TA:  Int J Occup Environ Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  232-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health, College of Health, University of the Philippines, Ermita, Manila.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Spontaneous / chemically induced,  epidemiology
Agriculture / manpower
Cohort Studies
Data Collection
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects*
Family Characteristics
Pest Control / methods*
Pesticides / adverse effects*
Philippines / epidemiology
Pregnancy Complications / chemically induced*,  epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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