Document Detail

Pregnancies and births among adolescents: a population-based prospective study in rural Vietnam.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21122591     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVE: To describe birth rates and pregnancy outcomes, specifically stillbirth, preterm delivery and low birth weight (LBW) in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, among adolescent women in a rural district in northern Vietnam.
MATERIAL AND METHOD: Within an epidemiological field laboratory, quarterly surveillance of 7767 adolescent women in the ages 15-19 during the period January 1999 to December 2005 was conducted. Birth rates were calculated and pregnancy outcomes were described in relation to background factors.
RESULT: A total of 1021 pregnancies were reported by 926 adolescent women during the period of whom 17% were below 18 years. The estimated adolescent birth rate during 1999-2005 was 27/1000 women-years. The incidence of stillbirth among all births was 19/1000 births. These were more likely to be delivered preterm. The incidence of preterm deliveries and LBW infants was 193 and 75 per 1000 live births, respectively. There were no differences in socio-demographic background for stillbirth, preterm delivery or LBW.
CONCLUSION: Adolescent birth rates were similar to those found in the recent Vietnamese DHS and considerably lower than the average for South-East Asia. Higher rates of stillbirth and preterm delivery were found than those previously reported for Vietnam, indicating the need for careful monitoring of adolescent pregnancies and their infants. Further research is needed to explore if and how much socio-demographic variables influence pregnancy outcome, comparing more differentiated groups, as a basis for interventions to assure access to adequate reproductive health care services for all women.
Marie Klingberg-Allvin; Sophie Graner; Ho Dang Phuc; Bengt Höjer; Annika Johansson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-11-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sexual & reproductive healthcare : official journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives     Volume:  1     ISSN:  1877-5764     ISO Abbreviation:  Sex Reprod Healthc     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101530546     Medline TA:  Sex Reprod Healthc     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2009. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of International Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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