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Preferential conduction patterns along the coronary sinus during atrial fibrillation in humans and their modification by pulmonary vein isolation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21168151     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Correlation function analysis applied to endocardial electrograms has earlier been used for analysis of agreement between signals and direction of activation during atrial fibrillation (AF). This study was aimed at evaluating whether preferential activation patterns along the coronary sinus (CS) exist in patients with AF. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (57 ± 10 years old) admitted for electrophysiological (EP) study (10 patients) and/or AF ablation (17 patients) were studied, 8 with permanent and 19 with persistent AF. Unipolar signals were recorded during 60 seconds from a 10-pole CS catheter during AF at baseline (BL) and after isolation of left and right pulmonary veins and after additional lines in the left atrium (LA) (End). Correlation function analysis was applied to signals from each pair of adjacent electrodes, and graphs of cumulated time delay were made to enable interpretation of direction of activation. RESULTS: Correlation between paired signals was highest in the distal and middle parts of CS and lowest in the proximal CS. In 21 patients, correlation values greater than 0.8 between closely spaced electrodes suggested uniform propagation of the fibrillatory waves. In 18 of 21 patients, preferential conduction pattern along CS was seen. Of those, 15 patients had left-to-right conduction, and 3 had right-to-left conduction. During ablation, atrial fibrillation cycle length increased from 184 ± 32 milliseconds at BL to 193 ± 39 milliseconds after pulmonary vein isolation and 215 ± 39 milliseconds at the end of ablation (P = .03, BL vs End). Because of ablation, preferential conduction along CS changed in 4 patients from left to right at BL to simultaneous CS activation or right to left. In 1 of 3 patients with simultaneous activation at BL, the direction changed to right to left. No direction change was observed in any of the 3 patients with right-to-left activation at BL. CONCLUSIONS: Atrial activation during AF exhibits a high degree of organization in distal and middle CS. Preferential conduction patterns observed in most patients may indicate either relatively dominant stable reentry circuits in the LA or activation spread from a focal source. The changes in preferential conduction during ablation of AF may reflect modification of AF substrate and indicate persistent right atrial sources not affected by ablation in the LA only.
Authors:
Pyotr G Platonov; Prashanthan Sanders; Shashidhar; Anthony Brooks; Jari M Tapanainen; Fredrik Holmqvist; Ole Kongstad; Jonas Carlson
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of electrocardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8430     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0153605     Medline TA:  J Electrocardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, and Center for Integrative Electrocardiology at Lund University (CIEL), Lund, Sweden.
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