Document Detail


Preferences for lives, injuries, and age: a stated preference survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20728632     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
One of the more difficult ethical questions from a public decision-making perspective is whether the estimation of benefits from risk reducing projects should be influenced by factors such as age groups and risk domains. For example, should a project that saves the lives of elderly people be assigned a more different benefit value in cost-benefit analyses than one that saves the same number of children's lives? This paper examines the preferences of the general public in Sweden on these issues. We design a choice experiment in which subjects are required to make six pair-wise choices where the characteristics of each choice are accident type (fire and traffic), number of fatalities and serious injuries avoided, and age of those saved (5-15-, 35-45- and 65-75-year-olds). We find that avoiding the fatality of one 5-15-year-old is equivalent to avoiding 1.4 fatalities of 35-45-year-olds. Likewise, avoiding the fatality of one 5-15-year-old is equivalent to avoiding 3.3 fatalities of 65-75-year-olds. We find no significant differences between the causes of accident. One avoided fatality is found to be equivalent to around 3.5 avoided severe injuries, which is lower than the official value of 6 used by the Swedish Road Administration.
Authors:
Fredrik Carlsson; Dinky Daruvala; Henrik Jaldell
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-05-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1879-2057     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-23     Completed Date:  2010-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1814-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Economics, Göteborg University, Box 640, SE-40530 Göteborg, Sweden. Fredrik.Carlsson@economics.gu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / economics,  mortality,  prevention & control*
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
City Planning / economics,  ethics*
Consumer Satisfaction / economics*
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Data Collection
Decision Making / ethics*
Environment Design* / economics
Female
Fires / economics,  prevention & control*,  statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Reduction Behavior*
Sweden
Wounds and Injuries / economics,  mortality,  prevention & control*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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