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Predictors of successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) weaning after assistance for refractory cardiogenic shock.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21965097     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Detailed extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) weaning strategies and specific predictors of ECMO weaning success are lacking. This study evaluated a weaning strategy following support for refractory cardiogenic shock to identify clinical, hemodynamic, and Doppler echocardiography parameters associated with successful ECMO removal. METHODS: Hemodynamically stable patients underwent ECMO flow reduction trials to <1.5 L/min under clinical and Doppler echocardiography monitoring. When a patient had partially or fully recovered from severe cardiac dysfunction, tolerated the weaning trial, and had left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >20-25% and aortic time-velocity integral (VTI) >10 cm under minimal ECMO support, device removal was considered. RESULTS: Among the 51 patients (34 males, aged 54 ± 14 years) who received ECMO for medical (n = 27), postcardiotomy (n = 11), or posttransplantation (n = 5) cardiogenic shock, 38 tolerated at least one ECMO flow reduction trial and 20 were ultimately weaned. Compared with the 13 patients who tolerated the trial but were not deemed weanable, those successfully weaned had, at each ECMO flow level, higher arterial systolic and pulse pressures, VTI, LVEF, and lateral mitral annulus peak systolic velocity (TDSa). All weaned patients had aortic VTI ≥10 cm, LVEF >20-25%, and TDSa ≥6 cm/s at minimal ECMO flow support. These Doppler echocardiography parameters better separated weaned and nonweaned patients than any other parameters tested. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who tolerated a full ECMO weaning trial and had aortic VTI ≥10 cm, LVEF >20-25%, and TDSa ≥6 cm/s at minimal ECMO flow were all successfully weaned. However, further studies are needed to validate these simple and easy-to-acquire Doppler echocardiography parameters as predictors of subsequent ECMO weaning success in patients recovering from severe cardiogenic shock.
Nadia Aissaoui; Charles-Edouard Luyt; Pascal Leprince; Jean-Louis Trouillet; Philippe Léger; Alain Pavie; Benoit Diebold; Jean Chastre; Alain Combes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Intensive care medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1238     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704851     Medline TA:  Intensive Care Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Service de Réanimation Médicale, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris 6, Paris, France.
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