Document Detail

Predictors and prognosis of suboptimal coronary blood flow after primary coronary angioplasty in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11448407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We hypothesized that certain clinical and angiographic characteristics on presentation predict suboptimal infarct artery flow after percutaneous intervention during acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The goal of angioplasty (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty [PTCA]) during AMI is the prompt restoration of normal flow to achieve myocardial reperfusion. However, inadequate epicardial coronary flow is observed in 10% to 20% of patients. From 2 large randomized trials-Global Use of Strategies To open Occluded arteries in Acute Coronary Syndromes-IIb, and Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Blockade With Primary Angioplasty for Acute Myocardial Infarction-patients undergoing primary PTCA during AMI were included in the analysis. A multivariate logistic model was used to identify factors associated with final Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade < or =2. The 891 patients were aged (mean +/- SD) 61 +/- 12 years, 75% were men, and 39% had an anterior wall AMI. Patients underwent PTCA within 4.8 +/- 3.2 hours from the onset of chest pain. The incidence of final TIMI 3 flow was 81%. TIMI flow grade < or =2 was independently associated with increasing age (odds ratio [OR] 1.39 for every 10 years, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19 to 1.62), increasing heart rate (OR 1.16 for every 10 beats, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.28), and presence of visible thrombus on baseline angiogram (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.18 to 3.05). Conversely, baseline TIMI 2 or 3 flow grade (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.75) and left circumflex intervention (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.79) correlated with normal postprocedural coronary flow. Mortality was significantly higher in patients with TIMI < or =2 than TIMI 3 flow grade (10.2% vs 1.5%, p <0.001, respectively). Thus, angiographic evidence of thrombus and 2 pivotal clinical characteristics, advanced age and elevated heart rate, predict lack of adequate coronary reperfusion. Conversely, the presence of normal or near-normal coronary flow before intervention correlates with a good angiographic result. Mortality risk is increased in patients with postprocedural suboptimal angiographic coronary flow.
F A Cura; P L L'Allier; S R Kapadia; P L Houghtaling; L M Dipaola; S G Ellis; E J Topol; S J Brener;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2001 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-07-12     Completed Date:  2001-08-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  124-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Cardiology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary*
Coronary Angiography*
Coronary Circulation*
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology,  radiography*,  therapy*
Myocardial Reperfusion
Predictive Value of Tests
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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