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Predictors of oral health after spinal cord injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23295469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Study design:Cross-sectional study.Objectives:To examine predictors of oral health in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:Ninety-two people with SCI (6 months, 44% cervical level) completed questionnaires and underwent oral examination. Socio-economic, injury-related and oral habits variables were used for predicting Oral Health Score (OHS); Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) score; and Periodontal Screen and Recording Index (PSR).Results:Most people with SCI were able to bring at least one hand to the mouth (82%) and brush teeth independently (65%). Regarding daily oral habits, 84% reported brushing teeth, 48% rinsing mouth, 14% flossing, 33% tobacco use and 13% mouthstick use. Only 32% had teeth cleaned within the past year. Oral examination revealed three decayed and eight missing teeth on average, with prominent periodontal disease (64%). Employment before SCI and more risky oral habits were significant predictors of worse OHS (P=0.005 and P=0.014, respectively) and PSR score (P=0.010 and P=0.035, respectively). Older age was the only predictor of worse DMFT score (P<0.001).Conclusion:Oral health appears compromised in people with SCI. Identification of modifiable risk factors warrants examination whether intervention with focus on behavioral changes may improve oral health in this population.Spinal Cord advance online publication, 8 January 2013; doi:10.1038/sc.2012.167.
A L Sullivan; J H Bailey; D S Stokic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spinal cord     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5624     ISO Abbreviation:  Spinal Cord     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9609749     Medline TA:  Spinal Cord     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Dental Hygiene Program, School of Health Related Professions, University of Mississippi, Jackson, MS, USA.
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