Document Detail


Predictors of nutritional adequacy in mother-toddler dyads from rural families with limited incomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17081827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To predict the mean adequacy ratio (MAR) scores of mothers and toddlers from intakes of fruits, vegetables, and dairy group foods and being seated during mealtimes. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: This was a regression analysis of cross-sectional data of the diet quality and being seated during mealtimes of 100 rural mother-toddler dyads from limited-income families using two 24-hour dietary recalls. Children were 11 to 25 months of age and at or below 100% of the poverty index. MEASURES OF OUTCOME: Dietary quality for mothers and toddlers was assessed using a MAR score for eight different nutrients (vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D, folate, calcium, zinc, iron, and magnesium), and a score of 85 or above was considered nutritionally adequate. The main food groups of interest were servings from the fruits, vegetables, and dairy group foods. Mealtime sitting behavior was the percentage of times the toddler remained seated while eating. RESULTS: Servings of fruits, vegetables, and dairy foods predicted 0.62 of the variance in the mother's MAR score, whereas vegetable and dairy intakes along with being seated while eating indicated nutritional adequacy for toddlers. Mothers with low MAR scores were most likely to have toddlers with poor diets, although few toddlers had poor diet quality. CONCLUSIONS: Adequate intakes of dairy, vegetables, and whole fruits along with being seated while eating could be quick assessment tools to screen toddlers for nutritional risk. Mothers with poor diet quality were likely to have toddlers with poor diets; low intakes of fruits, vegetables, and dairy foods were markers for poor diet quality in mothers.
Authors:
Sharon L Hoerr; Mildred A Horodynski; Seung-Yeon Lee; Michelle Henry
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  106     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-03     Completed Date:  2006-11-28     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1766-73     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA. hoerrs@msu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dairy Products
Diet* / standards
Female
Food Habits*
Food Preferences
Fruit
Humans
Infant
Infant Food / statistics & numerical data*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Male
Maternal Behavior*
Mother-Child Relations
Mothers / psychology*
Nutrition Assessment
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Poverty*
Predictive Value of Tests
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Rural Health
Vegetables

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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