Document Detail

Predictors of maternal sensitivity during the early postpartum period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16866838     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: This paper reports a study examining the relationship of maternal sensitivity to maternal identity, social support, maternal-fetal attachment and demographic variables. BACKGROUND: Maternal sensitivity is a mother's ability to perceive and interpret accurately her infant's signals and communications, and then respond appropriately. It is one of the major influencing factors of mother-infant attachment, and needs to be promoted for effective mother-infant interaction. However, limited information is available on the factors that influence postpartum maternal sensitivity. The study was guided by Roy's adaptation model. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive design was used. A convenience sample of 196 Korean mothers within 6 weeks of delivery were recruited during July-November 2003 and completed a self-report questionnaire. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: We found that maternal-fetal attachment, self-identity as a mother, mother's employment status, identification with her baby, support from others, and infant's gestational age at birth were statistically significant predictors of maternal sensitivity postpartum. These variables explained 60% of the variance in maternal sensitivity. CONCLUSION: Providing social support, enhancing maternal identity, and facilitating maternal-fetal attachment in the antepartum period are recommended to improve postpartum maternal sensitivity. Also, in future research, a path-type model or structural equation model including other variables, such as postnatal depression, needs to be developed and tested for optimal adaptation to becoming a mother.
Hyunjeong Shin; Young-Joo Park; Mi Ja Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of advanced nursing     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0309-2402     ISO Abbreviation:  J Adv Nurs     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-26     Completed Date:  2007-03-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609811     Medline TA:  J Adv Nurs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  425-34     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
School of Nursing, University of Texas at Austin, 78701, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Maternal Behavior / psychology*
Mother-Child Relations*
Object Attachment*
Postnatal Care
Postpartum Period / psychology*
Prenatal Care
Risk Factors
Social Support

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