Document Detail


Predictors and impact of postoperative atrial fibrillation on patients' outcomes: A report from the Randomized On Versus Off Bypass trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22054659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to determine the predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in patients randomized to conventional coronary artery bypass graft (on-pump coronary artery bypass [ONCAB]) versus beating heart coronary surgery (off-pump coronary artery bypass [OPCAB]). METHODS: The subgroup of 2103 patients (of 2203 enrollees) in the Randomized On Versus Off Bypass trial with no POAF was studied (1056 patients in the ONCAB group and 1047 patients in the OPCAB group). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the predictors of POAF and the impact of POAF on outcomes. RESULTS: Use of ONCAB versus OPCAB was not associated with increased rates of POAF. Older age (P < .0001), white race (P < .001), and hypertension (P < .002) were predictors of POAF on multivariate analysis. In general, POAF led to a higher rates of reintubation (ONCAB: 6.3% vs 0.8% no POAF, P < .001; OPCAB: 7.4% vs 1.8% no POAF, P < .0001) and prolonged ventilatory support (ONCAB: 7.1% vs 2.3% no POAF, P = .001; OPCAB: 9.2% vs 3.4% no POAF, P = .0003). The rate of any early adverse outcome was higher in patients with POAF (all patients: 10% POAF vs 4.7% no POAF, P < .0001; ONCAB: 9% POAF vs 4.3% no POAF, P = .008; OPCAB: 11% POAF vs 5.1% no POAF, P = .001). The 1-year all cause mortality was higher with POAF for both groups (ONCAB: 5.4% POAF vs 2% no POAF, P = .009; OPCAB: 5.1% POAF vs 2.6% no POAF, P = .07). POAF was independently associated with early composite end point (odds ratio [OR], 2.23; confidence interval [CI], 1.55-3.22; P < .0001), need for new mechanical support (OR, 3.25; CI, 1.39-7.61; P = .007), prolonged ventilatory support (OR, 2.93; CI, 1.89-4.55; P < .0001), renal failure (OR, 5.42; CI, 1.94-15.15; P = .001), and mortality at 12 months (OR, 1.94; CI, 1.14-3.28; P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: In the Randomized On Versus Off Bypass trial, the strategy of revascularization did not affect the rate of POAF. Age, race, and hypertension were predictors of POAF. POAF was independently associated with a higher short-term morbidity and higher 1-year mortality rates.
Authors:
G Hossein Almassi; Sharon A Pecsi; Joseph F Collins; A Laurie Shroyer; Marco A Zenati; Frederick L Grover
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Clement J. Zablocki Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wis; Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis.
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