Document Detail


Predictors of faster decline of residual renal function in Taiwanese peritoneal dialysis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18552254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Loss of residual renal function (RRF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is a powerful predictor of mortality. The present study was conducted to determine the predictors of faster decline of RRF in PD patients in Taiwan. METHODS: The study enrolled 270 patients starting PD between January 1996 and December 2005 in a single hospital in Taiwan. We calculated RRF as the mean of the sum of 24-hour urea and creatinine clearance. The slope of the decline of residual glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was the main outcome measure. Data on demographic, clinical, laboratory, and treatment parameters; episodes of peritonitis; and hypotensive events were analyzed by Student t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, and chi-square, as appropriate. All variables with statistical significance were included in a multivariate linear regression model to select the best predictors (p < 0.05) for faster decline of residual GFR. RESULTS: All patients commencing PD during the study period were followed for 39.4 +/- 24.0 months (median: 35.5 months). The average annual rate of decline of residual GFR was 1.377 +/- 1.47 mL/min/m(2). On multivariate analysis, presence of diabetes mellitus (p < 0.001), higher baseline residual GFR (p < 0.001), hypotensive events (p = 0.001), use of diuretics (p = 0.002), and episodes of peritonitis (p = 0.043) independently predicted faster decline of residual GFR. Male sex, old age, larger body mass index, and presence of coronary artery disease or congestive heart failure were also risk factors on univariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that diabetes mellitus, higher baseline residual GFR, hypotensive events, and use of diuretics are independently associated with faster decline of residual GFR in PD patients in Taiwan.
Authors:
Chia-Te Liao; Chih-Chung Shiao; Jenq-Wen Huang; Kuan-Yu Hung; Hsueh-Fang Chuang; Yung-Ming Chen; Kwan-Dun Wu; Tun-Jun Tsai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis     Volume:  28 Suppl 3     ISSN:  0896-8608     ISO Abbreviation:  Perit Dial Int     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-16     Completed Date:  2008-11-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904033     Medline TA:  Perit Dial Int     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S191-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cohort Studies
Comorbidity
Creatinine / blood
Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology
Diuretics / therapeutic use
Female
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Humans
Hypotension / epidemiology
Kidney Failure, Chronic / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  therapy*
Kidney Function Tests
Linear Models
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Peritoneal Dialysis / statistics & numerical data*
Peritonitis / epidemiology
Predictive Value of Tests
Retrospective Studies
Taiwan / epidemiology
Urea / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Diuretics; 57-13-6/Urea; 60-27-5/Creatinine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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