Document Detail

Predictors of contemporary coronary artery bypass grafting outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25218533     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to identify the predictors of outcomes in a contemporary cohort of patients from the Reduction in cardiovascular Events by acaDesine in patients undergoing CABG (RED-CABG) trial. Despite the increasing risk profile of patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting, morbidity and mortality have remained low, and identification of the current predictors of adverse outcomes may permit new treatments to further improve outcomes.
METHODS: The RED-CABG trial was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study that determined that acadesine did not reduce adverse events in moderately high-risk patients undergoing nonemergency coronary artery bypass grafting. The primary efficacy end point was a composite of all-cause death, nonfatal stroke, or the need for mechanical support for severe left ventricular dysfunction through postoperative day 28. Logistic regression modeling with stepwise variable selection identified which prespecified baseline characteristics were associated with the primary outcome. A second logistic model included intraoperative variables as potential covariates.
RESULTS: The 4 independent preoperative risk factors predictive of the composite end point were (1) a history of heart failure (odds ratio, 2.9); (2) increasing age (odds ratio, 1.033 per decade); (3) a history of peripheral vascular disease (odds ratio, 1.6); and (4) receiving aspirin before coronary artery bypass grafting (odds ratio, 0.5), which was protective. The duration of the cardiopulmonary bypass (odds ratio, 1.8) was the only intraoperative variable that contributed to adverse outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients who had heart failure and preserved systolic function had a similar high risk of adverse outcomes as those with low ejection fractions, and new approaches may mitigate this risk. Recognition of patients with excessive atherosclerotic burden may permit perioperative interventions to improve their outcomes. The contemporary risks of coronary artery bypass grafting have changed, and their identification may permit new methods to improve outcomes.
Richard D Weisel; Nancy Nussmeier; Mark F Newman; Ronald G Pearl; Andrew S Wechsler; Giuseppe Ambrosio; Bertram Pitt; Robert M Clare; Karen S Pieper; Linda Mongero; Tammy L Reece; Terrence M Yau; Stephen Fremes; Philippe Menasché; Armando Lira; Robert A Harrington; T Bruce Ferguson;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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