Document Detail


Predictors of concentrations of nitrogen dioxide, fine particulate matter, and particle constituents inside of lower socioeconomic status urban homes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17051138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Air pollution exposure patterns may contribute to known spatial patterning of asthma morbidity within urban areas. While studies have evaluated the relationship between traffic and outdoor concentrations, few have considered indoor exposure patterns within low socioeconomic status (SES) urban communities. In this study, part of a prospective birth cohort study assessing asthma etiology in urban Boston, we collected indoor and outdoor 3-4 day samples of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in 43 residences across multiple seasons from 2003 to 2005. Homes were chosen to represent low SES households, including both cohort and non-cohort residences in similar neighborhoods, and consisted almost entirely of multiunit residences. Reflectance analysis and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy were performed on the particle filters to determine elemental carbon (EC) and trace element concentrations, respectively. Additionally, information on home characteristics (e.g. type, age, stove fuel) and occupant behaviors (e.g. smoking, cooking, cleaning) were collected via a standardized questionnaire. The contributions of outdoor and indoor sources to indoor concentrations were quantified with regression analyses using mass balance principles. For NO2 and most particle constituents (except outdoor-dominated constituents like sulfur and vanadium), the addition of selected indoor source terms improved the model's predictive power. Cooking time, gas stove usage, occupant density, and humidifiers were identified as important contributors to indoor levels of various pollutants. A comparison between cohort and non-cohort participants provided another means to determine the influence of occupant activity patterns on indoor-outdoor ratios. Although the groups had similar housing characteristics and were located in similar neighborhoods, cohort members had significantly higher indoor concentrations of PM2.5 and NO2, associated with indoor activities. We conclude that the effect of indoor sources may be more pronounced in high-density multiunit dwellings, and that future epidemiological studies in these populations should explicitly consider these sources in assigning exposures.
Authors:
Lisa K Baxter; Jane E Clougherty; Francine Laden; Jonathan I Levy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2006-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1559-0631     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-09     Completed Date:  2008-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101262796     Medline TA:  J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  433-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Exposure, Epidemiology and Risk Program, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Landmark Center - 401 Park Drive, Boston, MA 02215, USA. lbaxter@hsph.harvard.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis*
Animals
Asthma / epidemiology,  etiology
Boston
Cohort Studies
Environmental Exposure*
Female
Forecasting
Geography
Housing
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Nitrogen Dioxide / analysis*
Particle Size
Particulate Matter / analysis*
Pregnancy
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / epidemiology,  etiology
Questionnaires
Social Class*
Urban Population
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1-T42-OH008416-01/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS; 5-T42-CCT1229661-02//PHS HHS; R03 ES013988/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; U01 HL072494/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Particulate Matter; 10102-44-0/Nitrogen Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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