Document Detail


Predictors of cesarean delivery after prelabor rupture of membranes at term.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10362176     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To identify the significant predictors of cesarean delivery after prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) at term. METHODS: In a multicenter study involving 72 institutions in six countries, 5041 women were randomized to induction of labor with oxytocin or prostaglandins or to expectant management. We did univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to determine the statistically significant independent predictors of cesarean delivery (P < .05). RESULTS: The following variables were found to be significantly associated with cesarean delivery: delivery in Israel, versus Canada (odds ratio [OR] 0.34); delivery in Australia, versus Canada (OR 1.93); nulliparity (OR 2.81); labor lasting more than 12 hours, versus less than 6 hours (OR 2.78); labor lasting 6-12 hours, versus less than 6 hours (OR 1.66); previous cesarean delivery (OR 2.75); epidural anesthesia (OR 2.66); clinical chorioamnionitis (OR 2.42); internal fetal heart rate monitoring (OR 2.19); birth weight of at least 4000 g (OR 2.07); use of oxytocin (OR 1.97); maternal age of at least 35 years (OR 1.44); latent period of at least 12 hours (OR 1.41); and meconium staining (OR 1.41). CONCLUSION: Strong predictors of cesarean delivery after PROM at term were country of birth, nulliparity, long labor, previous cesarean delivery, and epidural anesthesia.
Authors:
D Peleg; M E Hannah; E D Hodnett; G A Foster; A R Willan; D Farine
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-07     Completed Date:  1999-07-07     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1031-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Poriya Hospital, Tiberias, Israel. mary.hannah@utoronto.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cesarean Section / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Humans
Labor Onset*
Labor, Induced*
Oxytocin / therapeutic use*
Pregnancy
Regression Analysis
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-56-6/Oxytocin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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