Document Detail

Predictors of fruit and vegetable intake in young adulthood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22698924     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Few young adults meet national recommendations to consume at least 2 c fruit and 2 to 3 c vegetables daily. Effective strategies and messaging are needed to address this disparity, but research examining influences on fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake during young adulthood has been limited and primarily cross-sectional. This study was conducted to identify 5-year and 10-year longitudinal predictors of F/V intake in young adulthood. The sample included 476 male and 654 female participants enrolled in a population-based cohort study (Projects EAT-I, II, and III [Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults]). Participants completed surveys and food frequency questionnaires in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, high school classrooms in 1998-1999 (mean age=15.8 years, adolescence) and follow-up measures in 2003-2004 (mean age=20.4 years, emerging adulthood) and 2008-2009 (mean age=26.2 years, young adulthood). In young adulthood, average daily intake was 0.9 servings of fruit (excluding juice) and 1.8 servings of vegetables (excluding potatoes). Factors examined in adolescence and in emerging adulthood that were predictive of F/V intake in young adulthood included favorable taste preferences, fewer perceived time barriers to healthy eating, higher home availability of F/V, and limited home availability of unhealthy foods. Analyses also identified additional factors that were specifically relevant to fruit (eg, breakfast patterns) or vegetable intake (eg, home food preparation) and of particular relevance during emerging adulthood (eg, significant other's healthy eating attitudes). Findings suggest individual and socioenvironmental factors, particularly food preferences and home food availability, during adolescence and emerging adulthood may influence F/V intake in young adulthood.
Nicole Larson; Melissa N Laska; Mary Story; Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-06-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Volume:  112     ISSN:  2212-2672     ISO Abbreviation:  J Acad Nutr Diet     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-23     Completed Date:  2012-09-27     Revised Date:  2013-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573920     Medline TA:  J Acad Nutr Diet     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1216-22     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S Second Street, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Attitude to Health*
Choice Behavior
Cohort Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Food Habits / psychology*
Food Preferences*
Food Supply / statistics & numerical data*
Health Behavior
Longitudinal Studies
Time Factors
Young Adult
Grant Support

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