Document Detail


Predictors of breastfeeding and breastmilk feeding among very low birth weight infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20807105     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: This study investigated associations between maternal and infant factors and breastfeeding practices in infants born <30 weeks gestation in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Study Design: This study was a retrospective cohort. Mother and infant characteristics were investigated for associations with breastfeeding outcomes using multivariate logistic regression. Results: Seventy-eight percent of infants initiated breastmilk feedings, 48% of those continued to have breastmilk at discharge, and 52% were breastfed in the hospital. The average duration of breastmilk feedings was 43 days. Mothers who were married and had a multiple-infant birth were more likely to initiate breastmilk feeds, African American mothers and younger mothers had less success with maintaining breastmilk feeds until hospital discharge, and African American mothers and mothers of lower socioeconomic status were less likely to participate in direct breastfeeding in the NICU. Conclusions: Infant factors, such as birth weight and gestational age, were not associated with breastfeeding behaviors. Mothers can succeed with breastfeeding the premature infant. By understanding what maternal groups are at risk for breastfeeding failure, targeted interventions in the NICU can be implemented.
Authors:
Roberta G Pineda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1556-8342     ISO Abbreviation:  Breastfeed Med     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101260777     Medline TA:  Breastfeed Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
St. Louis Children's Hospital , St. Louis, Missouri.
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