Document Detail

Predictive inference on cytoplasmic and mitochondrial thioredoxin peroxidases in the highly radioresistant Lepidopteran insect Spodoptera frugiperda.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20975889     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Lepidopteran insects show remarkable resistance to radiation and chemical stress than insects of other orders. Despite this, the antioxidant machinery of insects of this order is poorly understood. Recently we demonstrated the significance of cytoplasmic NOS and a stronger mitochondrial antioxidant enzyme system in the stress-resistance of Lepidopteran insects. In the present study, we hypothesize two thioredoxin peroxidase orthologues (Sf-TPx1 and Sf-TPx2) in Lepidopteran insect Spodoptera frugiperda and demonstrate their structural/functional features important for cellular antioxidant activity and stress resistance. Results show a higher mitochondrial localization score (WoLFPSORT) of Sf-TPx2 (mitochondria-18.0, cytoplasm-7.0, nucleus-4.0) than its Drosophila orthologue Jafrac2 (secretory-30.0; mitochondria/nucleus/cytoplasm-no signal), which is important for antioxidant activity, and a higher cytoplasmic localization score of Sf-TPx1 (mitochondria-no signal; cytoplasm-22.0; nucleus-3.5) than the Drosophila Jafrac1 (mitochondria-17; nucleus- 11; cytoplasm-no signal). Structural modeling data show certain motifs present in Jafrac1 and Jafrac2 that affect active site conformation and separate cysteine residues at distances not suitable for disulphide bridge formation (5.21Å; 5.73Å). These motifs are absent in Sf-TPx1 and Sf-TPx2, yielding shorter distance (2.01Å; 2.05Å) between the cysteine residues suitable for disulphide bridge formation. Taken together, the disulphide bridge as well as mitochondrial and cytoplasmic localization are crucial for peroxidatic activity of TPx's. Therefore,we hypothesize that the Spodoptera TPx's offer potentially stronger anti-oxidant activity than that of Drosophila orthologues, and may contribute in the high radioresistance of Lepidopteran insects.
Shashank Hambarde; Ragothaman M Yennamalli; Naidu Subbarao; Sudhir Chandna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioinformation     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0973-2063     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioinformation     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101258255     Medline TA:  Bioinformation     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  399-404     Citation Subset:  -    
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