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Predictive impact of polymorphism of PNPLA3 on HCC development after interferon therapy in Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23772356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The impact of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) on development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not clarified for Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C. The present study investigated the associations of rs738409 PNPLA3 with HCC development after the antiviral therapy with peg-interferon and ribavirin for Japanese patients with hepatitis C virus serotype 1 and high viral load. Of the 271 patients enrolled in the study, 20 patients developed HCC, during a median follow-up period of 4.6 years. Multivariate analysis in the proportional hazards models revealed that sex, body mass index, platelet counts, and alpha feroprotein (AFP) had significant associations with HCC development (p = 0.011, 0.029, 0.0002, and 0.046, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that PNPLA3 148 M was significantly associated with serum AFP level (p = 0.032), other than body mass index, platelet count, and alanine aminotransferase (p = 0.0006, 0.0002, and 0.037, respectively), and that serum AFP level was significantly associated with PNPLA3 148 M (p = 0.017). Serum AFP level is an important factor in predicting HCC development after the antiviral therapy for Japanese patients with chronic hepatitis C, the mechanism of which might involve its significant associations with the SNP genotype of PNPLA3.
Yuki Moritou; Fusao Ikeda; Yoshiaki Iwasaki; Nobuyuki Baba; Kouichi Takaguchi; Tomonori Senoh; Takuya Nagano; Yasuto Takeuchi; Tetsuya Yasunaka; Hideki Ohnishi; Yasuhiro Miyake; Akinobu Takaki; Kazuhiro Nouso; Kazuhide Yamamoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  SpringerPlus     Volume:  2     ISSN:  2193-1801     ISO Abbreviation:  Springerplus     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101597967     Medline TA:  Springerplus     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  251     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Internal Medicine, Kagawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Takamatsu, Japan.
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