Document Detail


Predictive factors for the suppression of fusarium wilt of tomato in plant growth media.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18943798     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT Fusarium wilts are economically important diseases for which there are no effective chemical control measures. However, biological control and fertility management are becoming efficient alternatives for controlling this disease. Growth media formulated with composts that are able to suppress Fusarium wilt of tomato provide a control system that integrates both strategies. The aim of this study was to predict Fusarium wilt suppression of growth media using abiotic and biotic variables. Grape marc compost was the most effective medium used to suppress Fusarium wilt. Cork compost was intermediate, and light peat and expanded vermiculite were the most conducive growth media. The growth media evaluated were in a pH range of 6.26 to 7.97. Both composts had high beta-glucosidase activity. When pH and beta-glucosidase activity were taken into account as predictive variables, more than 91% of the variation in severity of Fusarium wilt was explained. This relationship illustrates the effect of nutrient availability and the degree of microbiostasis, two key factors in this pathosystem. Microbial populations involved in suppressiveness were cellulolytic and oligotrophic actinomycetes, fungi, and the ratios cellulolytic actinomycetes/cellulolytic bacteria, oligotrophic bacteria/copiotrophic bacteria, and oligotrophic actinomycetes/oligotrophic bacteria. Based on community level physiological profiles, different community structures were evident among growth media evaluated.
Authors:
Celia Borrero; M Isabel Trillas; José Ordovás; Julio C Tello; Manuel Avilés
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytopathology     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0031-949X     ISO Abbreviation:  Phytopathology     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9427222     Medline TA:  Phytopathology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1094-101     Citation Subset:  -    
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