Document Detail


Predictive Value of Optical Coherence Tomography in Graft Attachment after Descemet's Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23149125     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictive value of early anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) on graft adherence or detachment after Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). DESIGN: Retrospective study of prospectively collected data at a tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 87 eyes of 87 patients of a consecutive series of 142 DMEK surgeries. METHODS: Anterior segment OCT was performed within the first hour after DMEK and at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months, and for each time interval detachments were classified as "none," ≤1/3 detachment, >1/3 detachment of the total graft surface area, or "complete" detachment. Throughout the study, no rebubbling procedures were performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Graft adherence at various postoperative time intervals. RESULTS: One-hour AS-OCT scans were more accurate at predicting the final 6-month graft adherence status than those at 1 week or 1 month. Grafts showing complete attachment or <1/3 detachment at 1 hour remained stable or improved in 73% of the cases at 1 week, 82% at 1 month, 86% at 3 months, and 90% at 6 months. All grafts attached at 1 week remained attached at 6 months. Graft detachments of >1/3 at 1 hour showed reattachment at 6 months in 25% of the cases, whereas 67.5% of the cases showed a persistent detachment of >1/3 at 6 months and 12.5% showed a complete detachment. CONCLUSIONS: The 1-hour AS-OCT scan showed the best predictive value on 6-month graft adherence status. The combined information of the 1-hour and 1-week AS-OCT scans may facilitate decision making about surgical reintervention after DMEK. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.
Authors:
Ru-Yin Yeh; Ruth Quilendrino; Fayyaz U Musa; Vasilios S Liarakos; Isabel Dapena; Gerrit R J Melles
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1549-4713     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802443     Medline TA:  Ophthalmology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Netherlands Institute for Innovative Ocular Surgery, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Melles Cornea Clinic Rotterdam, The Netherlands; CHR de la Citadelle, Department of Ophthalmology, Liège, Belgium.
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