Document Detail


Prediction of ingredient quality and the effect of a combination of xylanase, amylase, protease and phytase in the diets of broiler chicks. 2. Energy and nutrient utilisation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16905476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. In order to investigate the effects of xylanase, amylase, protease and phytase in the diets of broiler chickens containing graded concentrations of metabolisable energy (ME), two 42-d experiments were conducted using a total of 2208 broiler chicks (8 treatments with 12 replicate pens in each experiment). 2. Four diets including one positive and three negative control diets were used. Three maize/soybean meal-based negative control (NC) diets were formulated to be identical in available phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca) and amino acids but NC1 contained approximately 0.17 MJ/kg less ME than NC2 and approximately 0.34 MJ/kg less ME than NC3. A positive control (PC) was fed for comparison and was formulated to be adequate in all nutrients, providing approximately 0.63 MJ/kg ME, 0.13% available P, 0.12% Ca and 1 to 2% amino acids more than NC1. 3. The reduction in nutrient density between NC1 and PC was determined using ingredient quality models Avichecktrade mark Corn and Phychecktrade mark that can predict the response to exogenous enzymes in maize/soybean meal-based broiler diets. Supplementation of each diet with or without a cocktail of xylanase, amylase, protease and phytase gave a total of 8 dietary treatments in a 4 x 2 factorial arrangement. The same treatments and diet designs were used in both experiments but conducted in different locations using different batches of maize, soybean meal and minor ingredients. 4. In both experiments, digestibility was improved by the addition of exogenous enzymes, particularly those for P, Ca and certain amino acids. In addition, the supplementation of the PC with enzymes elicited a positive response indicating that over-the-top addition of xylanase, amylase, protease and phytase may offer a nutritionally and economically viable alternative to feed cost reduction. 5. It can be concluded that the digestibility of nutrients by broilers fed on maize/soybean meal-based diets can be improved by the use of a combination of xylanase, amylase, protease and phytase.
Authors:
A J Cowieson; D N Singh; O Adeola
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0007-1668     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-14     Completed Date:  2006-10-13     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  490-500     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Danisco Animal Nutrition, Marlborough, Wiltshire, UK. aaron.cowieson@danison.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
6-Phytase / pharmacology*
Amylases / pharmacology*
Animal Feed
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Chickens / metabolism*
Diet / veterinary
Dietary Supplements
Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases / pharmacology*
Energy Metabolism / drug effects*,  physiology
Male
Peptide Hydrolases / pharmacology*
Weight Gain / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
EC 3.1.3.26/6-Phytase; EC 3.2.1.-/Amylases; EC 3.2.1.8/Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases; EC 3.4.-/Peptide Hydrolases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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