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Prediction of fluid responsiveness by a continuous non-invasive assessment of arterial pressure in critically ill patients: comparison with four other dynamic indices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22735299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: /st>We evaluated the ability of an infrared photoplethysmography arterial waveform (continuous non-invasive arterial pressure, CNAP) to estimate arterial pulse pressure variation (PPV). We compared the ability of non-invasive PPV to predict fluid responsiveness with invasive PPV, respiratory variation of pulse contour-derived stroke volume, and changes in cardiac index induced by passive leg raising (PLR) and end-expiratory occlusion (EEO) tests. METHODS: /st>We measured the responses of cardiac index (PiCCO) to 500 ml of saline in 47 critically ill patients with haemodynamic failure. Before fluid administration, we recorded non-invasive and invasive PPVs, stroke volume variation, and changes in cardiac index induced by PLR and by 15 s EEO. Logistic regressions were performed to investigate the advantage of combining invasive PPV, stroke volume variation, PLR, and EEO when predicting fluid responsiveness. RESULTS: /st>In eight patients, CNAP could not record arterial pressure. In the 39 remaining patients, fluid increased cardiac index by ≥15% in 17 'responders'. Considering the 195 pairs of measurements, the bias (sd) between invasive and non-invasive PPVs was -0.6 (2.3)%. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for predicting fluid responsiveness were 0.89 (95% confidence interval, 0.78-1.01) for non-invasive PPV compared with 0.89 (0.77-1.01), 0.84 (0.70-0.96), 0.95 (0.88-1.03), and 0.97 (0.91-1.03) for invasive pulse pressure, stroke volume variations, PLR, and EEO tests (no significant difference). Combining multiple tests did not significantly improve the area under the ROC curves. CONCLUSIONS: /st>Non-invasive assessment of PPV seems valuable in predicting fluid responsiveness.
X Monnet; M Dres; A Ferré; G Le Teuff; M Jozwiak; A Bleibtreu; M-C Le Deley; D Chemla; C Richard; J-L Teboul
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1471-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372541     Medline TA:  Br J Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
EA4533, Université Paris-Sud 11, France.
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