Document Detail

Prediction of defibrillation outcome by epicardial activation patterns following shocks near the defibrillation threshold.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11021472     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Ventricular defibrillation is probabilistic and shock strength dependent. We investigated the relationship between defibrillation outcome and postshock activation patterns for shocks of the same strength (approximately 50% probability of success for defibrillation [ED50] to yield an equal number of successful and failed shocks). METHODS AND RESULTS: In five pigs, 10 shocks of approximately ED50 strength (right ventricle-superior vena cava, biphasic, 6/4 msec) were delivered after 10 seconds of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Epicardial activation sequences following shocks were mapped with a 504-electrode shock and analyzed by animating dV/dt of the electrograms. Intercycle interval (ICI, time between the onset of successive postshock cycles), wavefront conduction time (WCT, time between the earliest and latest activation of a cycle), and overlapping index (WCT of cycle[n]/ICI of cycle[n+1]) were determined for the first five postshock cycles. An overlapping index >1 indicates overlap between successive cycles. Of 50 defibrillation attempts, 25 were successes. There was no difference between successful and failed episodes for both ICI (68 +/- 9 msec vs 62 +/- 10 msec) and WCT (97 +/- 24 msec vs 100 +/- 14 msec) of cycle 1. However, starting at cycle 2, the ICI was longer, and the WCT was shorter for successful than failed episodes (P < 0.01). Overlapping cycles (index > 1) were found during the transition from cycles 2 through 5 in all failed (index >1) and in no successful episodes. CONCLUSIONS: (1) Defibrillation outcome cannot be determined during the first postshock cycle. (2) At least three rapid successive cycles with overlap of cycles 2 and 3 are present in all failed and in no successful episodes. (3) The overlapping index is a marker to predict defibrillation outcome.
N Chattipakorn; P C Fotuhi; R E Ideker
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1045-3873     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol.     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-05     Completed Date:  2001-02-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010756     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1014-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Surface Potential Mapping
Electric Countershock* / methods
Pericardium / physiology
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support

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