Document Detail


Predicting self-efficacy using illness perception components: a patient survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17032489     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To assess the measures of illness representation components in predicting measures of self-efficacy in patients with coronary heart disease. DESIGN: A longitudinal design was adopted with predictor variables and dependent variables (general self-efficacy, diet self-efficacy and exercise self-efficacy) measured twice while participants were in hospital and 9 months following discharge. Change scores of the predictor variables can be calculated and dependent variables at baseline can be controlled. METHOD: A cohort sample of 300 patients admitted to hospital with coronary heart disease were given the questionnaire measuring their illness perception (illness representation components: identity, consequences, timeline and control/cure and outcome expectation for diet and exercise); self-efficacy (general, diet and exercise self-efficacy measures), demographic and illness characteristics and attendance on a cardiac rehabilitation programme. The patients were asked to complete the questionnaire in hospital before discharge following their cardiac diagnosis, and again, 9 months later, when participants were expected to be functioning independently of any rehabilitation programme. RESULTS: Demographic and illness characteristics were found to have a more significant relationship with illness representation components than with specific self-efficacy. The relationship between illness representation components and specific self-efficacy changes overtime, consequence and timeline were significantly related to self-efficacy measures initially; however, symptom and control/cure were the variables that were significantly related to self-efficacy measures 9 months later. After statistically controlling individuals' baseline self-efficacy measures, demographic and illness characteristic effects, symptom and control/cure were found to make significant contributions to exercise and diet self-efficacy, respectively, 9 months later. CONCLUSION: A significant relationship exists between illness representation and self-efficacy. There is potential to integrate both approaches to the assessment of psychosocial factors to provide effective individualized care in cardiac rehabilitation.
Authors:
Margaret Lau-Walker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of health psychology     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1359-107X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-11     Completed Date:  2007-02-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9605409     Medline TA:  Br J Health Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  643-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Surrey, Surrey, UK. m.lau-walker@imperial.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attitude to Health*
Coronary Disease / epidemiology,  psychology
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Patients / psychology*
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires*
Self Efficacy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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