Document Detail

Predicting mortality risk for infants weighing 501 to 1500 grams at birth: a National Institutes of Health Neonatal Research Network report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8420718     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate a model that predicts mortality risk based on admission data for infants weighing 501 to 1500 grams at birth, and to use the model to identify neonatal ICUs where the observed mortality rate differs significantly from the predicted rate. DESIGN: Validation cohort study. SETTING: University-based, tertiary care neonatal ICUs. PATIENTS: Sample of 3,603 infants with birth weights of 501 to 1500 grams who were born at seven National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHHD) Neonatal Research Network Centers, over a 2-yr period of time. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Based on logistic regression analysis, admission factors associated with mortality risk for inborn infants were: decreasing birth weight, appropriate size for gestational age, male gender, non-black race, and 1-min Apgar score of < or = 3. The mortality prediction model based on these factors had a sensitivity of 0.50, a specificity of 0.92, a correct classification rate of 0.82, and an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.82 when applied to a validation sample. Goodness-of-fit testing showed that there was a marginal degree of fit between the observations and model predictions (chi 2 = 15.4, p = .06). The observed mortality rate for 3,603 infants at the seven centers was 24.7%, ranging from 21.8% to 27.7% at individual centers. There were no statistically significant differences between observed and predicted mortality rates at any of the centers. One center had an observed mortality rate that was 2.8% lower than predicted by the model (95% confidence interval -6.0% to 0.5%), and another center had an observed rate that was 3% higher than expected (95% confidence interval -0.3% to 6.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Mortality risk for infants weighing 501 to 1500 grams can be predicted based on admission factors. However, until more accurate predictive models are developed and validated and the relationships between care practices and outcomes are better understood, such models should not be relied on for evaluating the quality of care provided in different neonatal ICUs.
J D Horbar; L Onstad; E Wright
Related Documents :
16051408 - Further examination of the cross-country association between income inequality and popu...
11284628 - Underlying and proximate determinants of diarrhoea-specific infant mortality rates amon...
12283718 - Family planning is crucial to child survival.
14678308 - Mothers' mental health and infant growth: a case-control study from rawalpindi, pakistan.
3731168 - Acetazolamide treatment of progressive hydrocephalus secondary to intraventricular hemo...
7672458 - Salivary cortisol in nursery-reared rhesus monkeys: reactivity to peer interactions and...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0090-3493     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  1993 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-02-12     Completed Date:  1993-02-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Burlington 05405.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Hospital Mortality*
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data*
Models, Statistical*
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Sensitivity and Specificity
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
U0121466//PHS HHS
Comment In:
Crit Care Med. 1993 Jan;21(1):2-3   [PMID:  8420727 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Synchronous mechanical ventilation of the neonate with respiratory disease.
Next Document:  Effects of dense, high-volume, artificial surfactant aerosol on a heated exhalation filter system.