Document Detail


Predicting home and work blood pressure measurements from resting baselines and laboratory reactivity in black and white Americans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2727219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The relationship between blood pressure in the laboratory (both at rest and in response to laboratory tasks) and ambulatory blood pressure at home and at work was evaluated. One hundred nineteen normotensive and unmedicated mild-moderate hypertensive black and white females and males participated in laboratory blood pressure monitoring at rest and during four challenging tasks (structured interview, video game, bicycle exercise, and cold pressor test) as well as ambulatory blood pressure monitoring while at home and at work. Baseline blood pressure taken while subjects were at rest was the strongest predictor of ambulatory systolic blood pressure (r = .64) and diastolic blood pressure (r = .77) at work. Among reactivity tasks the strongest predictors of ambulatory blood pressure in the total population were the structured interview and the video game (both psychological tasks) followed by the cold pressor test. Racial comparisons, however, determined that the cold pressor test predicted diastolic blood pressure significantly better for blacks (r = .73) than for whites (r = .40), suggesting a possible difference in blood pressure regulation.
Authors:
G H Ironson; M D Gellman; S B Spitzer; M M Llabre; R De Carlo Pasin; D J Weidler; N Schneiderman
Related Documents :
16216999 - Racial disparities in hypertension prevalence, awareness, and management.
522189 - Biofeedback and relaxation in blacks with hypertension: a preliminary study.
20409889 - Pressure-heart rate product changes from childhood to adulthood in a biracial populatio...
8223359 - Race and gender comparisons: i. hemodynamic responses to a series of stressors.
1797999 - Home blood pressure monitoring: advantages and limitations.
12040239 - Clinical utility of ambulatory blood pressure: perspectives for national insurance cove...
18810359 - The posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome.
2365039 - Comparison of pulmonary and systemic effects of adenosine triphosphate in chronic obstr...
2737549 - Proposed management of low urethral pressure type of genuine stress urinary incontinence.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychophysiology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0048-5772     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychophysiology     Publication Date:  1989 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-06-23     Completed Date:  1989-06-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0142657     Medline TA:  Psychophysiology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  174-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
African Continental Ancestry Group*
Arousal / physiology*
Blood Pressure*
Female
Humans
Hypertension / physiopathology*
Male
Monitoring, Physiologic
Social Environment*
Vasomotor System / physiopathology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL07426/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL31648/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL36588/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Long-term habituation and sensitization of the acoustic startle response in the normal adult human.
Next Document:  The effects of consent procedures on the psychophysiological assessment of anxiety: a methodological...