Document Detail

Predicting functional outcomes among college drinkers: reliability and predictive validity of the Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17706888     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Heavy drinking and associated consequences are widespread among U.S. college students. Recently, Read et al. (Read, J. P., Kahler, C. W., Strong, D., & Colder, C. R. (2006). Development and preliminary validation of the Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 67, 169-178) developed the Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire (YAACQ) to assess the broad range of consequences that may result from heavy drinking in the college milieu. In the present study, we sought to add to the psychometric validation of this measure by employing a prospective design to examine the test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, and predictive validity of the YAACQ. We also sought to examine the utility of the YAACQ administered early in the semester in the prediction of functional outcomes later in the semester, including the persistence of heavy drinking, and academic functioning. Ninety-two college students (48 females) completed a self-report assessment battery during the first weeks of the Fall semester, and approximately one week later. Additionally, 64 subjects (37 females) participated at an optional third time point at the end of the semester. Overall, the YAACQ demonstrated strong internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent and predictive validity. YAACQ scores also were predictive of both drinking frequency, and "binge" drinking frequency. YAACQ total scores at baseline were an early indicator of academic performance later in the semester, with greater number of total consequences experienced being negatively associated with end-of-semester grade point average. Specific YAACQ subscale scores (Impaired Control, Dependence Symptoms, Blackout Drinking) showed unique prediction of persistent drinking and academic outcomes.
Jennifer P Read; Jennifer E Merrill; Christopher W Kahler; David R Strong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-06-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2007 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-07     Completed Date:  2008-04-03     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2597-610     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology,  psychology
Analysis of Variance
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity

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