Document Detail


Predicting word reading and comprehension with executive function and speed measures across development: a latent variable analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22352396     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study explored whether different executive control and speed measures (working memory, inhibition, processing speed, and naming speed) independently predict individual differences in word reading and reading comprehension. Although previous studies suggest these cognitive constructs are important for reading, the authors analyze the constructs simultaneously to test whether each is a unique predictor. Latent variables from 483 participants (ages 8-16 years) were used to portion each cognitive and reading construct into its unique and shared variance. In these models 2 specific issues are addressed: (a) Given that the wide age range may span the theoretical transition from "learning to read" to "reading to learn," the authors first test whether the relation between word reading and reading comprehension is stable across 2 age groups (ages 8-10 and 11-16); and (b) the main theoretical question of interest: whether what is shared and what is separable for word reading and reading comprehension are associated with individual differences in working memory, inhibition, and measures of processing and naming speed. The results indicated that (a) the relation between word reading and reading comprehension is largely invariant across the age groups, and (b) working memory and general processing speed, but not inhibition or the speeded naming of non-alphanumeric stimuli, are unique predictors of both word reading and comprehension, with working memory equally important for both reading abilities and processing speed more important for word reading. These results have implications for understanding why reading comprehension and word reading are highly correlated yet separable
Authors:
Micaela E Christopher; Akira Miyake; Janice M Keenan; Bruce Pennington; John C DeFries; Sally J Wadsworth; Erik Willcutt; Richard K Olson
Related Documents :
22763316 - Grapheme-color synaesthesia benefits rule-based category learning.
22511726 - Combat-exposed war veterans at risk for suicide show hyperactivation of prefrontal cort...
22707936 - Cholinergic modulation of cognitive processing: insights drawn from computational models.
22337146 - Mild cognitive deficits and everyday functioning among older adults in the community: t...
23977386 - Evidence for shared cognitive processing of pitch in music and language.
24899716 - Novelty enhances visual salience independently of reward in the parietal lobe.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-02-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental psychology. General     Volume:  141     ISSN:  1939-2222     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Psychol Gen     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-31     Completed Date:  2013-01-14     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502587     Medline TA:  J Exp Psychol Gen     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  470-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adolescent Development / physiology*
Age Factors
Child
Child Development / physiology*
Comprehension / physiology*
Executive Function / physiology*
Female
Humans
Individuality
Inhibition (Psychology)
Male
Memory, Short-Term / physiology
Neuropsychological Tests
Reading*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD027802/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P50 HD027802/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P50 HD027802-16/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038526/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038526/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038526-01/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Fluid Movement and Creativity.
Next Document:  Expression of Recombinant Mature Human Tyrosinase from Escherichia coli and Exhibition of Its Activi...