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Predicting Seizure Freedom After Two or More Chronic Invasive Evaluations in Patients with Intractable Epilepsy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22120351     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: In patients with intractable epilepsy, failure to localize and/or resect the epileptic focus after invasive monitoring is multifactorial. Rarely do these patients return for a second invasive evaluation, and their outcome is not clearly characterized. This study aims to determine the seizure outcome after a second invasive electroencephalographic (EEG) evaluation, and its possible predictors. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 30 patients who underwent two or more invasive evaluations at Cleveland Clinic between 1980 and 2007. Clinical, surgical, imaging, and pathology information was analyzed using a multivariate regression model. A favorable outcome was defined as complete seizure freedom, allowing for auras and seizures restricted to the first postoperative week. RESULTS: Ten patients (33%) became seizure free after the second operation (mean follow-up duration 3.13 years (range 6 months-17 years)). Seizure freedom was more likely in patients reporting fewer seizures per month preoperatively (mean 19 seizures/mo), and in those with a predominantly regional/lateralized scalp EEG ictal pattern (32% seizure free), as opposed to those with higher seizure frequency (mean 70 seizures/month; P = 0.02) or diffuse ictal EEGs (0% seizure free; P = 0.04). There was a significant association between acute postoperative seizures and failure of repeat surgery (P = 0.0083). In 17 of 30 patients, at least one complication was reported (57%) after the second invasive evaluation compared with a complication rate of 23% after the first invasive evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: A second invasive evaluation may lead to seizure freedom in one-third of patients. However, this must be weighed against the increased complication rate with reoperation.
Authors:
Sean J Nagel; Lara E Jehi; Rebecca O'Dwyer; Dani Bidros; Girish K Hiremath; William E Bingaman
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  World neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-8750     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101528275     Medline TA:  World Neurosurg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
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