Document Detail

Predicting depression in mothers with and without HIV: the role of social support and family dynamics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22311149     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Many women with HIV are primary caregivers for their children. Social factors, including family dynamics, play a major role in women's depression. We hypothesized an impact of HIV seropositivity on greater depression mediated through poorer family functioning and social support. Participants include 332 Mothers Living with HIV (MLH) and 200 Neighborhood Control Mothers (NCM) recruited in Los Angeles County. The NCM were matched by neighborhood. All had children ages 6 through 20. Analyses using structural equation modeling (SEM) indicated HIV seropositivity was positively correlated with depression and negatively correlated with positive social support and effective family functioning. In a predictive path model, the relationship between having HIV and depressed mood was mediated by social support and family functioning. Findings offer explanation for increased depression resulting from HIV and social and family dynamics, and suggest innovative interventions to abate psychosocial health problems and lower risk for depression among women with HIV.
Typhanye Penniman Dyer; Judith A Stein; Eric Rice; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AIDS and behavior     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1573-3254     ISO Abbreviation:  AIDS Behav     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-26     Completed Date:  2013-02-11     Revised Date:  2014-04-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712133     Medline TA:  AIDS Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2198-208     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression / diagnosis,  psychology*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Family Relations*
HIV Infections / complications,  psychology*
Los Angeles
Middle Aged
Mothers / psychology*
Social Support*
Socioeconomic Factors
Young Adult
Grant Support
DA 007292-17/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA 01070-38/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; MH-068194/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; P30 MH058107/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH068194/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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