Document Detail


Predicting Chemical Ocular Toxicity Using Combinatorial QSAR Approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23148656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Regulatory agencies require testing of chemicals and products to protect workers and consumers from potential eye injury hazards. Animal screening, such as the rabbit Draize test, for potential environmental toxicants is time-consuming and costly. Therefore, virtual screening using computational models to tag potential ocular toxicants is attractive to toxicologists and policy makers. We have developed Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) models for a set of small molecules with animal ocular toxicity data compiled by the National Toxicology Program Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological Methods. The dataset was initially curated by removing duplicates, mixtures, and inorganics. The remaining 75 compounds were used to develop QSAR models. We applied both k nearest neighbor and random forest statistical approaches in combination with Dragon and Molecular Operating Environment descriptors. Developed models were validated on an external set of 34 compounds collected from additional sources. The external Correct Classification Rates (CCR) of all individual models were between 72% and 87%. Furthermore, the consensus model, based on the prediction average of individual models, showed additional improvement (CCR = 0.93). The validated models could be used to screen external chemical libraries and prioritize chemicals for in vivo screening as potential ocular toxicants.
Authors:
Renee L Solimeo; Jun Zhang; Marlene Thai Kim; Alexander Sedykh; Hao Zhu
Related Documents :
25278076 - A new method to measure anatomic knee alignment for large studies of oa: data from the ...
25208406 - Estimation for sparse vegetation information in desertification region based on tiangon...
25190066 - Improving detection of rare biological events in high-throughput screens.
17677486 - Coarse-graining intramolecular hydrodynamic interaction in dilute solutions of flexible...
24959396 - A comparison of spatial smoothing methods for small area estimation with sampling weights.
24574166 - Validation of multiple-breath washout equipment for infants and young children.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemical research in toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5010     ISO Abbreviation:  Chem. Res. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807448     Medline TA:  Chem Res Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Reliability and validity of the Wolfram Unified Rating Scale (WURS).
Next Document:  Functional analysis of Arabidopsis mutants points to novel roles for glutathione in coupling H(2)O(2...