Document Detail

Predatory activity of Rhantus sikkimensis and larvae of Toxorhynchites splendens on mosquito larvae in Darjeeling, India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16967818     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Predation potential of the dytiscid beetle, Rhantus sikkimensis Regimbart 1899 and the larvae of Toxorhynchites splendens Wiedemann 1819 occurring along with the larval stages of the mosquitoes in the annual lentic water bodies of Darjeeling was evaluated using the larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say 1823 as preys, in the laboratory under simulated natural conditions. METHODS: Field collected R. sikkimensis and larvae of Tx. splendens were offered IV instar larvae of Cx. quinquefasciatus to observe the rate of predation, at varying prey and predator densities. Based on the data obtained on the predation for a period of three consecutive days, two indices of predation, predatory impact (PI) and clearance rate (CR) values were estimated, and compared between the predator species. RESULTS: The rate of predation of IV instar Cx. quinquefasciatus larvae by R. sikkimensis ranged between 21.56 and 86.89 larvae per day, depending on the prey and predator densities. The PI value remained between 18.67 and 35.33 larvae/day depending on prey densities, while the CR ranged between 2.21 and 2.23 larvae litres/day/predator. Compared to these, the Tx. splendens larvae consumed the prey larvae at the rate of 0.67 to 34.22 larvae per day, depending on the prey and predator densities. The PI value ranged between 7.67 and 11.33 larvae/day, and the CR value ranged between 1.41 and 1.76 larvae litres/day/predator. The rate of predation, CR values and PI values of R. sikkimensis and Tx. splendens varied significantly. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSION: Both the predators R. sikkimensis and larvae of Tx. splendens can consume a good number of mosquito larvae, though the rate of consumption between the two predators vary owing to the difference in the life history traits and features. It can be assumed that these predators play an important role in larval population regulation of mosquitoes and thereby impart an effect on species composition and interactions in the aquatic insect communities of Darjeeling Hills, India.
Gautam Aditya; Anirban Ash; Goutam K Saha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vector borne diseases     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0972-9062     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-13     Completed Date:  2006-11-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101212761     Medline TA:  J Vector Borne Dis     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  66-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department ofZoology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India.
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MeSH Terms
Beetles / physiology*
Culicidae / physiology*
Larva / physiology
Population Density
Predatory Behavior / physiology*
Time Factors

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