Document Detail


Predator foraging behaviour drives food-web topological structure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19619219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The structure and dynamics of prey populations are shaped by the foraging behaviours of their predators. Yet, there is still little documentation on how distinct predator foraging types control biodiversity, food-web architecture and ecosystem functioning. 2. We experimentally compared the effects of model fish species of two major foraging types of lake planktivores: a size-selective visual feeder (bluegill), and a filter feeder (gizzard shad). The visual feeder forages on individually captured consumer prey, whereas the filter feeder forages on various prey simultaneously, not only consumers but also primary producers. We ran a 1-month mesocosm experiment cross-classifying a biomass gradient of each predator type. We analysed the effect of each fish on food-web architecture by computing major topological descriptors over time (connectance, link density, omnivory index, etc.). These descriptors were computed from 80 predator-prey binary matrices, using taxa mostly identified at the species level. 3. We found that the visual feeder induced more trophic cul-de-sac (inedible) primary-producer species, lower link density and connectance, and lower levels of food-web omnivory and generalism than the filter feeder. Yet, predator biomass did not affect food-web topology. 4. Our results highlight that top-predator foraging behaviour is a key functional trait that can drive food-web topology and ultimately ecosystem functioning.
Authors:
Xavier Lazzaro; G??rard Lacroix; Beno??t Gauzens; Jacques Gignoux; St??phane Legendre
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-07-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of animal ecology     Volume:  78     ISSN:  1365-2656     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anim Ecol     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-20     Completed Date:  2010-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376574     Medline TA:  J Anim Ecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1307-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
UMR 7208 Borea, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, IRD, UPMC, MNHN, CP 53, Paris cedex 5, France. xavier.lazzaro@ird.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biodiversity
Fishes / physiology
Food Chain*
Models, Biological
Predatory Behavior*

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