Document Detail

Precompetition medical assessment of referees and assistant referees selected for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22144004     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BackgroundSeveral proposals for preparticipation screening to detect risk factors for sudden cardiac death in sports have been published, but referees have been neglected in this respect.MethodsA standardised precompetition medical assessment (comprising a general physical, orthopaedic and cardiac examination and blood analysis) was performed in all 90 referees and assistant referees selected for the 2010 Fédération Internationale de Football Association World Cup.ResultsMore than a third of the referees showed at least one pathological finding in cardiac examinations; however, all follow-up examinations proved to be normal. The relatively high prevalence of pathological findings in the blood analysis and the orthopaedic examination can be attributed to the average age of the referees and none of them was performance limiting.ConclusionsConsidering their risk of occult ischaemic heart disease, a precompetition medical assessment including an exercise ECG is recommended in elite male football referees.
Mario Bizzini; Christian Schmied; Astrid Junge; Jiri Dvorak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre (F-MARC) and Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland.
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