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Pre-treatment with an intravenous lipid emulsion containing fish oil (eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid) decreases inflammatory markers after open-heart surgery in infants: A randomized, controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22136963     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study assessed the effects of administering a lipid emulsion containing eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid before and after open-heart surgery on cytokine production and length of hospital stay in infants. METHODS: Thirty-two infants (40 ± 2.3 weeks gestational age; 10.6 days at time of surgery) undergoing open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were randomized to receive an intravenous lipid emulsion with (treatment) or without (control) eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid in this prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. RESULTS: Mean plasma TNF-α concentration was significantly (p = 0.003) lower in the treatment (5.9 pg/mL) compared to the control group (14.8 pg/mL). In infants without sepsis, plasma TNF-α did not differ according to treatment, however when sepsis developed, mean plasma TNF-α was 21.1 pg/mL and 1.5 pg/mL (p = 0.0007) in control and treatment groups, respectively. Plasma TNF-α was positively correlated with length of hospital stay in the control group (p = 0.01), and negatively correlated with length of stay in the treatment group (p = 0.004), with a significant time by treatment interaction (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Providing a lipid emulsion containing eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid reduces TNF-α concentrations in infants undergoing open-heart surgery. Lipid emulsions containing eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid may ameliorate the inflammatory response among critically ill infants. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00336908.
Authors:
Bodil M K Larsen; Laksiri A Goonewardene; Ari R Joffe; John E Van Aerde; Catherine J Field; Dana Lee Olstad; Michael T Clandinin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Nutrition Service, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton Area, Canada; Alberta Institute for Human Nutrition, University of Alberta, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Canada.
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