Document Detail


Pre-sowing magnetic treatments of tomato seeds increase the growth and yield of plants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16511881     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of pre-sowing magnetic treatments on growth and yield of tomato (cv Campbell-28) were investigated under field conditions. Tomato seeds were exposed to full-wave rectified sinusoidal non-uniform magnetic fields (MFs) induced by an electromagnet at 100 mT (rms) for 10 min and at 170 mT (rms) for 3 min. Non-treated seeds were considered as controls. Plants were grown in experimental plots (30.2 m(2)) and were cultivated according to standard agricultural practices. During the vegetative and generative growth stages, samples were collected at regular intervals for growth rate analyses, and the resistance of plants to geminivirus and early blight was evaluated. At physiological maturity, the plants were harvested from each plot and the yield and yield parameters were determined. In the vegetative stage, the treatments led to a significant increase in leaf area, leaf dry weight, and specific leaf area (SLA) per plant. Also, the leaf, stem, and root relative growth rates of plants derived from magnetically treated seeds were greater than those shown by the control plants. In the generative stage, leaf area per plant and relative growth rates of fruits from plants from magnetically exposed seeds were greater than those of the control plant fruits. At fruit maturity stage, all magnetic treatments increased significantly (P < .05) the mean fruit weight, the fruit yield per plant, the fruit yield per area, and the equatorial diameter of fruits in comparison with the controls. At the end of the experiment, total dry matter was significantly higher for plants from magnetically treated seeds than that of the controls. A significant delay in the appearance of first symptoms of geminivirus and early blight and a reduced infection rate of early blight were observed in the plants from exposed seeds to MFs. Pre-sowing magnetic treatments would enhance the growth and yield of tomato crop.
Authors:
A De Souza; D Garcí; L Sueiro; F Gilart; E Porras; L Licea
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioelectromagnetics     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0197-8462     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioelectromagnetics     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-12     Completed Date:  2006-06-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008281     Medline TA:  Bioelectromagnetics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Non-Ionizing Radiation, Center for Environmental Research, Services and Technologies, Agricultural Research Institute Jorge Dimitrov, Granma, Cuba. angelrdt2002@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Lycopersicon esculentum / embryology,  growth & development*
Magnetics*
Plant Leaves
Seeds*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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