Document Detail


Pre- and post-natal stress have opposing effects on social information use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23325738     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Theoretical models of social learning predict that animals should copy others in variable environments where resource availability is relatively unpredictable. Although short-term exposure to unpredictable conditions in adulthood has been shown to encourage social learning, virtually nothing is known concerning whether and how developmental conditions affect social information use. Unpredictable food availability increases levels of the stress hormone corticosterone (CORT). In birds, CORT can be transferred from the mother to her eggs, and have downstream behavioural effects. We tested how pre-natal CORT elevation through egg injection, and chick post-natal development in unpredictable food conditions, affected social information use in adult Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Pre-natal CORT exposure encouraged quail to copy the foraging decisions of demonstrators in video playbacks, whereas post-natal food unpredictability led individuals to avoid the demonstrated food source. An individual's exposure to stress and uncertainty during development can thus affect its use of social foraging information in adulthood. However, the stressor's nature and developmental timing determine whether an adult will tend to copy conspecifics or do the opposite. Developmental effects on social information use might thus help explain individual differences in social foraging tactics and leadership.
Authors:
Neeltje J Boogert; Cedric Zimmer; Karen A Spencer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-01-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biology letters     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1744-957X     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-17     Completed Date:  2013-07-23     Revised Date:  2014-03-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101247722     Medline TA:  Biol Lett     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20121088     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Corticosterone / pharmacology*,  physiology
Coturnix / metabolism*,  physiology
Feeding Behavior / drug effects,  physiology*
Female
Learning / drug effects,  physiology
Linear Models
Male
Ovum / drug effects,  physiology
Random Allocation
Social Behavior*
Stress, Psychological*
Time Factors
Video Recording
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
W980KJ009P/Corticosterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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