Document Detail


Practice effects on the timing and magnitude of antagonist activity during ballistic elbow flexion to a target.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9532620     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined changes in antagonist timing and magnitude in response to ballistic elbow flexion practice. Seventeen men performed 400 ballistic elbow flexion trials to a target in the horizontal plane over 4 days of testing. A potentiometer and microswitch system at the elbow axis of rotation of a manipulandum recorded angular displacement and movement onset. Surface electrodes (Beckman Ag/AgCl) monitored the triceps brachii lateral head, and the electromyographic (EMG) signals were bandpassed between 20 and 300 Hz. The antagonist EMG burst was divided in two: early low-level activity (ANT1), and the large portion of the burst which occurs near target achievement (ANT2). Movement time decreased from 178 ms on the first test day to 136 ms on the last session. As practice improved the speed of limb movement, onset of the first component (ANT1) remained unchanged, while the second component (ANT2) started earlier. The magnitude of both portions of the antagonist burst increased from the first to last test day, but the change in ANT2 relative to ANT1 was more pronounced. These findings are used to explain discrepant observations in the literature for the temporal measure.
Authors:
D A Gabriel; J P Boucher
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research quarterly for exercise and sport     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0270-1367     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Publication Date:  1998 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-05-26     Completed Date:  1998-05-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006373     Medline TA:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  30-7     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Physical Therapy Department, East Carolina University, USA. gabrield@mail.ecu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological
Adult
Elbow Joint / physiology
Electromyography
Humans
Male
Movement / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Task Performance and Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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