Document Detail

Practical and theoretical considerations in the gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry delta(13)C analysis of small polyfunctional compounds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11319796     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Carbohydrates and proteins are among the most abundant naturally occurring biomolecules and so suitable methods for their reliable stable isotope analysis by gas chromatography/combustion/isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC/C/IRMS) are required. Due to the non-volatile nature of these compounds they require hydrolytic cleavage to their lower molecular weight subunits and derivatisation prior to GC/C/IRMS analysis. The addition of carbon to the molecules and any kinetic isotopic fractionation associated with derivatisation must be accounted for in order to provide meaningful stable isotope values and estimates of propagated errors. To illustrate these points amino acid trifluoroacetate/isopropyl esters and alditol acetates were prepared from authentic amino acids and monosaccharides, respectively. As predicted from the derivatisation reaction mechanisms, a kinetic isotope effect was observed which precludes direct calculation of delta(13)C values of the amino acids and monosaccharides by simple mass balance equations. This study shows that the kinetic isotope effect associated with derivatisation is both reproducible and robust, thereby allowing the use of correction factors. We show how correction factors can be determined and accurately account for the addition of derivative carbon. As a consequence of the addition of a molar excess of carbon and the existence of a kinetic isotope effect during derivatisation, errors associated with determined delta(13)C values must be assessed. We illustrate how such errors can be quantified (for monosaccharides +/-1.3 per thousand and for amino acids between +/-0.8 per thousand and +/-1.4 per thousand). With the magnitude of the errors for a given delta(13)C value of a monosaccharide or amino acid quantified, it is possible to make reliable interpretations of delta(13)C values, thereby validating the determination of delta(13)C values of amino acids as TFA/IP esters and monosaccharides as alditol acetates.
G Docherty; V Jones; R P Evershed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0951-4198     ISO Abbreviation:  Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-25     Completed Date:  2001-08-23     Revised Date:  2003-10-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802365     Medline TA:  Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  730-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantocks Close, Bristol BS8 1TS, UK.
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