Document Detail


Practical high pathogenicity avian influenza first-response training exercises.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20521732     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The response to an avian influenza outbreak, especially highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), should focus on four basic principles: 1) protect humans first, 2) protect animals 3) contain the virus, and 4) ensure that the outbreak remains a single event, by preparing response teams to work together effectively through advance training. The Stamping Out Pandemic and Avian Influenza (STOP AI) project is a U.S. Agency for International Development-funded global activity. STOP AI has designed and conducted practical, experiential training exercises that engage participants in simulated experiences that enhance their confidence and ability to apply these principles during a real HPAI outbreak. This article describes three specific exercises: 1) wearing and removing personal protective equipment (PPE) in a controlled environment, 2) site zoning, and 3) a planning and resource mapping exercise staged in Poultopia--a fictional region in a developing country. The PPE activity emphasizes the physical challenges of working in full PPE and the importance of proper equipment removal. In the zoning exercise, response teams focus on the areas and the tasks required by setting up a clean area, transit corridor, infected/culling area, and nontransit areas at a farm, village, or other location. In Poultopia, participants must determine where surveillance should occur, decide where roadblocks should be placed during an outbreak, choose which birds to cull first and determine how to dispose of them safely, ascertain the types of personnel and equipment needed, and assess timing issues. The Poultopia scenarios are adapted to the conditions of the region where the training takes place, thus adding to their realism and utility. The practical techniques described here have been taught successfully through STOP AI in more than 30 countries in Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Authors:
Andrea M Miles; Harm Kiezebrink; Gary R Mullins; M Jules Sparrey; D Meredith MacDonald; Ed Salt
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Avian diseases     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0005-2086     ISO Abbreviation:  Avian Dis.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-04     Completed Date:  2010-07-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370617     Medline TA:  Avian Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  777-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
STOP AI, DAI, 7600 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 200, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Birds
Disaster Planning
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
Humans
Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype*
Influenza in Birds / epidemiology,  prevention & control*,  virology
Influenza, Human / prevention & control
Occupational Exposure / prevention & control*
Protective Devices*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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