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Povidone-iodine against sodium hypochlorite as skin antiseptics in volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20817318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to compare the antiseptic efficacy of sodium hypochlorite of electrochemical production with that of povidone-iodine in human voluntaries.
METHODS: Three areas of 25 cm(2) each were selected from the forearms; 1 was designated as control to determine the baseline bacterial count; and 2 more were selected to swab 10% povidone-iodine or 10% sodium hypochlorite. Every volunteer was studied on 3 separated occasions. Quantitative skin cultures were performed on agar plates containing a neutralizer.
RESULTS: Forty-eight healthy subjects were enrolled for a total of 144 determinations for every antiseptic and control. The bacterial counts from the control areas showed a median of 1500 colony-forming units (CFU)/cm(2). For the areas treated with sodium hypochlorite, the median was 192 CFU/cm(2). For the areas treated with povidone-iodine, the median was 231 CFU/cm(2). When the colony counts for the areas treated with antiseptics were compared with those of the controls, the difference was significant (Kruskal-Wallis test (H) = 55.7, P < .001). The difference in counts between the areas treated with antiseptics was not significant (difference in z values <1960).
CONCLUSION: The present study did not find differences in antiseptic action between 10% povidone iodine and 10% sodium hypochlorite.
Authors:
Jose A Alvarez; Juan H Macias; Alejandro E Macias; Edmundo Rodríguez; Juan M Muñoz; Juan L Mosqueda; Samuel Ponce de Leon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of infection control     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1527-3296     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Infect Control     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004854     Medline TA:  Am J Infect Control     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  822-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University of Guanajuato, 20 de Enero 929, Leon Guanajuato, Mexico. micros_iesus@yahoo.com
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