Document Detail

Potential route for fetal therapy: intramembranous absorption of intraamniotically injected furosemide.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7755056     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether intraamniotically injected furosemide could be absorbed directly into fetal circulation by the ovine intramembranous pathway. STUDY DESIGN: Nine chronically catheterized fetal sheep, five with an intact and four with a surgically ligated esophagus, were studied for 7 hours on 2 consecutive days. Day 1 was a control day in which the fetal parameters of arterial, venous, and amniotic fluid pressures; heart rate; and urine flow were measured continuously. Fetal and maternal blood, amniotic fluid, and fetal urine were sampled for osmolality, electrolytes, blood gases, and pH twice during the first hour and hourly thereafter. On day 2, 15 mg of furosemide was injected into the amniotic cavity after 1 hour and fetuses were monitored in the same fashion as on the control day. RESULTS: On day 2, both intact and ligated fetuses demonstrated a rapid and prolonged increase in urine flow (p < 0.01) compared with control day fetuses. Esophageal ligation decreased, but did not eliminate, the diuresis. Free water clearance increased equally (p < 0.05) in both groups compared with control fetuses. Sodium and chloride excretion increased significantly in intact (sodium 591% +/- 220% and chloride 763% +/- 295%) and ligated fetuses (sodium 234% +/- 70% and chloride 409% +/- 74%) compared with control fetuses. CONCLUSIONS: Diuresis after esophageal ligation demonstrates that furosemide is absorbed by the ovine intramembranous pathway.
W M Gilbert; P S Newman; R A Brace
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  172     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1995 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-19     Completed Date:  1995-06-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1471-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Reproductive Medicine, University of California at San Diego, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Chlorides / urine
Diuresis / drug effects
Extraembryonic Membranes / metabolism*
Fetal Diseases / therapy*
Fetus / drug effects,  metabolism
Furosemide / administration & dosage,  pharmacokinetics*
Injections / methods
Sodium / urine
Urine / physiology
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chlorides; 54-31-9/Furosemide; 7440-23-5/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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