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Potential relevance of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in keratocystic odontogenic tumours - an immunohistochemical study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21496105     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
J Oral Pathol Med (2010) There is increasing evidence that overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays an important role in tumour growth and spread of tumours by interfering with cell proliferation, cellular adhesion, immune surveillance, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. COX-2 levels are increased in various tumours. In this study, the expression of COX-2 in 116 specimens of keratocystic odontogenic tumours (KCOT) has been analyzed. KCOT is a benign neoplasm of odontogenic origin with an occasionally aggressive behavior leading to high recurrence rates. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded blocks were sectioned and used for hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining and incubated with an anti-COX-2 monoclonal antibody for immunohistochemical examination. Detection of the COX-2 antibody was performed with the EnVision kit. Cellular staining pattern for COX-2 was cytoplasmatic, and the staining intensities were semi-quantitatively evaluated as follows: negative (-), mild (±) or strong (+). Mild to strong expression of COX-2 was observed in 83 (71.6%) cases; 34 (29.3%) of which were mild positive and 49 (42.2%) were strong positive. COX-2 stain was detected mainly in the epithelial lining. The expression of COX-2 in KCOT and the current knowledge of the role played by COX-2 in tumorigenesis further strengthen the current concept that the KCOT should be regarded as a neoplasm. Furthermore, the multitude of markers known to be overexpressed in KCOTs is suggestive of what could be called a 'network addiction' pattern, rather than a pathological mechanism dependant on a specific activated/suppressed gene, thus explaining its aggressive behavior.
Authors:
Rui Amaral Mendes; João F C Carvalho; Isaac van der Waal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0714     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8911934     Medline TA:  J Oral Pathol Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Oral Medicine and Oncology, Portuguese Catholic University, Viseu, Portugal Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery/Oral Pathology, VU University Medical Center/ACTA, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
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