Document Detail


Potential pathophysiologic role of endothelin-1 in canine pericardial fluid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9595496     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recently, extremely high levels of endothelin-1 (ET-1) were detected in the pericardial fluid of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. This study was designed to assess the pathophysiologic importance of this finding by infusing ET-1 into the closed pericardial sac of anesthetized dogs. Systemic arterial blood pressure, heart rate, and standard ECG were recorded. Intrapericardial infusion of ET-1 (11 and 33 pmol/kg/min; n = 4/4) for 40 min induced ventricular arrhythmias in all instances. The lower dose of ET-1 induced a substantial number of ventricular extrasystoles, couplets, and triplets. In one instance, ventricular extrasystoles accelerated into nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). In animals receiving the higher dose, nonsustained VTs occurred regularly, whereas sustained VTs were detected in two of four animals. Before the onset of arrhythmias, QT time was significantly prolonged [ET-1 (11 pmol/kg/min) 180 +/- 12 to 198 +/- 10 ms, p < 0.05; ET-1 (33 pmol/kg/min) 192 +/- 15 to 233 +/- 13 ms, p < 0.01]. Hemodynamic variables did not change significantly before the onset of ventricular arrhythmias. Our results show that administration of exogenous ET-1 into the pericardial space induces ventricular arrhythmias associated with prolongation of QT time.
Authors:
F Horkay; I Szokodi; B Merkely; F Solti; L Gellér; P Kiss; L Selmeci; I Horváth; V Kékesi; A Juhász-Nagy; M Tóth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  31 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0160-2446     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1998  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-07-17     Completed Date:  1998-07-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S401-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Semmelweis University Medical School, Budapest, Hungary.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia
Animals
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / chemically induced,  physiopathology
Body Fluids / physiology
Dogs
Electrocardiography / drug effects
Endothelin-1 / administration & dosage,  physiology*,  toxicity
Female
Injections
Male
Pericardium / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Endothelin-1

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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